Gunung Kawi (“Mountain of poets”) is a Hindu Temple complex with old omission from the stone era located is north of Ubud in the village Tampaksiring Bangli in the middle of Bali at the river Pakrisan, Gianyar regency.
Based on the inscription of Tengkulak A on 945 saka (Balinese calendar) which is released by Marakata King, the ancient omission complex is located at the Pekerisan River then it is called Katyangan Amarawati. Pekerisan River is also named by Jalu which is according to the inscription chiseled on the above of the biggest temple door sound ‘Haji Lumahing Jalu’.
Gunung Kawi situated some 300 metres north of the bemo terminal in Tampaksiring, which is on the main road through the village.
The entrance to the path that brings you to the Gunung Kawi. The temple dates back to the 11th century and it is assumed that this ia the cemetery of King Anak Wungsu and his many wives.
The Gunung Kawi is located in a valley. It is a complex of ten in the rock-cut Candi (stupas), which date back to the 11th century.
If you want to go to the area where the temples are, you are required to put off your shoes.
The strenuous walk is broken up into sections and at times the views as you walk through ancient terraced rice fields are as fine as any on Bali. Each candi is believed to be a memorial to a member of the 11th-century Balinese royalty, but little is known for certain.
Legends relate that the whole group of memorials was carved out of the rock face in one hard-working night by the mighty fingernails of Kebo Iwa.
It was thought they were that the grave monuments, but that’s probably not right. Now they think it is that the manumits are in honor of the Royal family of the Udayana dynasty. There is also a, likewise in the rock-hewn, ruins of a Buddhist monastery.
The name of Gunung Kawi is the name given on the omission which is related to the complex of temples because the temple on this area is like the symbol from the mount. There are 3 temples which so called the name as Gunung Kawi in Bali those are Gunung Kawi in Sebatu countryside, Gunung Kawi Temple in Keliki countryside and Gunung Kawi Temple in Babitra countryside. The ancient omission complex of Gunung Kawi is founded on 10 century.
It is founded in the era of Udayana about 989 M. At the period of Marakata governance on 1023, the omission which is called Katyagan Amarawati is developed and continued by the governance of Anak Wungsu which is guess lead between the years of 1049 – 1077 M.
The ancient omission complex
- Temple complex is consisted of 2 consecutions. The consecution in eastside Pekerisan River is consisted of 5 units and the consecution at west side of river is 5 units, in the north is 4 units and 1 unit is located far in south side separate from the others. On the above of the temple consecution in particular to the Eastside River, there is an article of Kediri word type sounding ‘Haji Lumahing Jalu’. Haji means a king, the Lumah means a temple or Sidha Dewata means to return to the nature of deity and Ing Jalu means in Pekerisan. The Jalu mean the Keris literal. The entire words mean that king is made in temple form at Pekerisan. From this article is assumed that this temple is dedicated to Udayana King which is also called Marakata and Anak Wungsu. The temple which is located in the west side of river related to all king concubines. The temples are located far in the south side is attributed to prime minister because in these temple areas existing an article Rakyan which is namely perform for high functionary of empire.
- Buddhist Temple Complex.
Buddhist Temple Complex is used as a residence and as place for meditation. It is consisted of some nooks and it is located in the cross east of Pakerisan River. Other nooks are located spread out and near the temple bunch.
Gunung Kawi is a famous tourist destination in Bali with its ancient omission so that this place is the right to visit during your vacation in the island.