Taman Ayun is a Royal Temple of Mengwi Empire and it is located in Mengwi Village, Mengwi sub district, Badung regency and about 18 Km north side of Denpasar town. It is strategically located beside of major roadway between Denpasar to Singaraja.
It is set on the land which is surrounded by the big fish pond and look like a drift on the water. It owns the beautiful temple building with multi storied roof and Balinese Architecture. The wide beautiful landscape garden in front courtyard to welcome all visitors who come and visit this temple. It is a beautiful place to visit on your vacation in Bali.
The History of Taman Ayun
Pursuant to Papyrus Chronicle of the Mengwi (Lontar Babad Mengwi), the temple which is now referred by Taman Ayun Temple that it had been newly sanctified in the year 1634 M and it is named with Taman Ahyun Temple. The word of Ahyun is coming from from the root word Hyun meaning a temple is founded in the park (pool with the beautiful garden) which can fulfill the desire. The word Ahyun is then changed into Ayun word.
Taman Ayun Temple is one of Hindu Temples in Bali become tourist destination which has been visited by many tourists from local and foreign. This temple is usually visited by tourist once having a set tour to Tanah Lot Temple due to this temple is the same route of the Tanah Lot Temple Tour.
Temple Position and Function
The function of Taman Ayun Temple is a place to pray the god in their manifestation. It is according to the content of Babad Mengwi and the existence of temple building structure, especially the temple that is located in third area (Jeroan).
According to Astadewata, the special God is worshiped in Taman Ayun Temple is the God in manifestation as a Wisnu God which his palace located in top of Mangu mount. In papyrus of Usana Bali mentioning that one of Dewa Catur Lokapalas carry through its worship is Meru Pucak Pangelengan that is a temple building with 9 multistoried roofs. Pitara God is a holy soul deity of ancestor who is also referred as the other names of Hyang Pitara or Dewa Hyang.
Pitara God is obliged to be worshiped by clan heir (Prati Sentana) in the form of temple ceremony which the same meaning as by the ceremony to the god. The worshiping existence to Pitara God in Taman Ayun Temple can be searched and proved by pursuant to the existence of temple building which lay in by consecution in east which is called Paibon that is representing Special Temple. Taman Ayun Temple in capacities or its status as special altar for the King family of Mengwi Palace or as a Merajan Agung from Mengwi King Families specially for the founder of Mengwi Empire that is I Gusti Agung Putu.
Inside Area Taman Ayun Temple
The high rise building temple and boost high about 20 meters from the land make this temple is very exclusive and beautiful. Each building at Taman Ayun Temple is built by the high-rise style and each of them own separate individuality. This Temple area is very wide and each of temple building are fully decorated by the Balinese architecture style. Taman Ayun Temple is one of the big temples in Bali and the government has opened this temple area as a place of interest in Bali that is a lot of visited by tourist from local and international. Most of the tourist come and visit this temple in the daytime.
Taman Ayun Temple Water Fountain
Taman Ayun Temple is featuring with unique temple building with multistoried roof up to 11 storeys and also the beautiful landscape garden with water fountain. The water fountain exist in frontage of this temple area own the high history and its existence is very surprise for every visitor paying a visit to Taman Ayun Temple. A small pond is decorated by lotus plant and a water fountain exists in the middle of it. It is a fascination for every guest who comes to this place. At the elbow of this water fountain, there is a Bale as place for relaxation at the same time enjoys the beauty of this temple environment. We will find this unique water fountain precisely on the left side of the way to Taman Ayun Temple.
Taman Ayun Temple Big Fish Pond
One of fascination of Taman Ayun Temple is an existence of big fishpond encircle the temple area. The big fishpond with the deepness about 4 meters owns the wide about 15 – 20 meters and encircles the temple area so that Taman Ayun Temple is looking like adrift on the water. By the existence of this fishpond, the view of Taman Ayun Temple is making very beautiful and surprise for every visitor who comes to this place. Taman Ayun Temple is a heritage of Mengwi Empire with high value of history and culture that make this temple as a favorite tourist destination in Bali. This temple is a lot of visited by tourist before they continue their tour to Tanah Lot. This Temple is the main places of interest or places to visit in Bali if we go to Tanah Lot or Beratan Lake at Bedugul.
Taman Ayun Temple with Bale
Taman Ayun Temple is a place of interest in Bali that is a lot of visited by foreign and local tourists. This temple owns wide area and growth by fertile tropical trees. In the north side of this temple building, we can find a big garden nattily arranged and provides the place for day resting. A Bale Bengong is a small rest building set beside of the big fish pond that is surround the temple area. The visitors who come and visit to this place can sit for resting in this Bale at the same time enjoys the beauty of nature around Taman Ayun Temple. If we sit down here, we will feel a peace at the same time see the fishpond water looks like a small lake.
Taman Ayun Temple with Fish Pond
Taman Ayun Temple or the local resident calls this temple as Pura Taman Ayun is a Royal Tempe of Mengwi Empire with beautiful temple building and multistoried roof. We will find a long fish pond surround the temple in the main area. It is one of the unique and fascinations for tourist who visit this place. There are two fishponds in the temple area where a big fishpond is located outside of temple area and another one is located in main temple area. This pond also encircles the temple building that makes this temple is unique temple in Bali. Beside of that, we can also find the temple building with multistoried roof up to 11 storeys. The existences of other buildings in this temple area are as the places to put the ceremony equipments which are more known as Piasan. The tourists who come to the place can have a look the temple from the close distance where the footpath is available for looking around conveniently.
Taman Ayun Temple Bale Kulkul
As usual big Hindu temples in Bali, Taman Ayun Temple also owns the Bale Kulkul as a media of calling the Hindu people around the temple area or it can be used as a signal of beginning work at this temple. This Bale Kulkul is set in the middle of temple area and it is fully decorated by the Balinese decoration. This Bale Kulkul is designed by the Balinese architecture and it is set right in the middle of the entrance gate that will welcome every visitor who comes to this temple. By the existence of this Bale Kulkul, make Taman Ayun Temple is a beautiful temple to be visited in west part of Bali.