Kerta Gosa Bali located in Klungkung Regency and use a s justice court palace long time ago. As the former kingdom, if reasonable Klungkung has many a time this is a tourism object. One of them is the Taman Gili in Kerta Gosa, cultural heritage Semarapura Klungkung Palace. Kerta Gosa is a building (bale), which is part of the building complex Semarapura Palace and was built around 1686 by peletak basis of power and the first holder of the throne that is the kingdom of Klungkung Ida I Dewa Agung Jambe.
Structure Kerta Gosa Building
The name of Kerta Gosa is coming from a Sanskrit namely Kerta means Peaceful and Gosa from the Gosita word mean announcement. Thereby, the word’s of Kerta Gosa is meaning a kind Jurisdiction in form of Bale for the king who announces the legislation, jurisdiction, penalization etc. The building of Kerta Gosa is very unique and full of high art value. So that, this place is a unique place to visit in Bali. Moreover, it is one of Bali heritage sites as stop point during our Bali Royal Heritage Tour, Karangasem Tour Expedition or Besakih Temple Tour, an exciting tour to visit the biggest Hindu temple in the paradise island of Bali.
Kerta Gosa consists of two buildings (bale), namely akerta Gosa Bale and Bale Kambang. Bale Kambang called because the building is surrounded by a pond that is Gili Park.
The uniqueness Kerta Gosa with Bale Kambang this is surface on the ceiling or roof bale is decorated with traditional painting style of Kamasan (a village in Klungkung) or style of puppet that is very popular in the community Bali. Initially, the paintings that decorate the ceiling are made of cloth and parba. New since 1930 is replaced and created at the top of the plasterboard direstorasi ago according to the original image is still intact and up to now. Cultural heritage as Kingdom Semarapura, Gosa and Kerta Bale Kambang enabled to judge the matter and the religious ceremony that is especially yadnya cut teeth (mepandes) like children king.
Kerta Gosa Within Bali Heritage Sites
This place also owns Taman Gili, a building floating or sees like floating because it is intentionally founded in the middle of a fish pond. Furthermore, Kerta Gosa is founded in 18 century with unique building decorated by famous style of Kamasan painting in the year 1930. During Dutch colonization (1908-1942), Kerta Gosa remains to be wearied as a justice place for lawbreaker, especially criminal. Along with colonial governance, the punish system in Indonesia has changed from system of death duties Majapahit (traditional) become the continental punish system brought by Dutch. The evacuation system is non aim to as retaliation, but improve the perpetrator so that acceptable to its society.
Story of Painting at Kerta Gosa Building
Bottom row illustrates the themes derived from Tantri Story. Suite second from the bottom illustrates the theme of the story. Bimaswarga in Swargarakanaparwa. Catenarian next theme Bagawan Kasyapa story. Fourth row to take a theme that is characteristic Palalindon or meaning and the meaning of the occurrence of earthquakes in mythologist. Continuation of the story is taken from the theme Bimaswarga painted on the fifth row that is located almost on the cone-shaped roof building. In the last row or the sixth place by a description of the life of Nirwana. In addition to the building ceiling Kerta Gosa, puppet paintings also decorate the ceiling in the west that is Kerta Gosa Bale Kambang. On the palate this painting Bale Kambang puppet who comes to take the themes from the story of Kakawin Ramayana and Sutasoma.
The decorative painting at the roof of Kerta Gosa building is painted with the story motif. The painting is started from Panil at east side with the plot rotate according to Pradaksina direction and finish at Panil north side. In addition, The painting decorating on the conference hall’s ceiling is aim to awake all trespassers in order not to repeat the badness. Other building is called Bale Kambang and this building looked to be impressing float on the fishpond water. There is a museum which is called Semarajaya located on the right external of Kori Agung yard. This Museum is set in a building which is ex- Dutch High School and its physical form is solidarity from Dutch style era architecture with the Balinese traditional architecture. In this museum we can see the ancient object, history object inclusive photos of documentation from Klungkung King Family and clan.
Function Kerta Gosa
Function of the two buildings is closely related to the function of education through the paintings that were presented at the puppet ceiling buildings. The paintings are a series of stories that take on the key themes, namely Swargarokanaparwa and parwa Bima Swarga a guide punishment Karma Phala (result of the good-bad deeds performed during a human lifetime) and the re-incarnation into the world because of the deeds and sin – sin. Because no one said that if the psychological, theme paintings decorate the ceiling Kerta Gosa building load values education mental and spiritual. Painting is divided into a row of six terraced.