Bali Botanic Garden is unique in Bali as a place for botanical research, conservation, education and recreation. It provides a place where you can relax in beautiful and peaceful surroundings while learning about the use of plants in the daily lives of Balinese people as well as many interesting tropical rain forest plants and bird life.
The Bali Botanic Garden is situated on 1250-1450 m alt. with area 157.5 hectares (389 acres). Temperature is about 17 – 25 centigrade in daytime drop to 10 – 15 centigrade at night with humidity 70-90%. The weather is unpredictable, please prepare warm clothe, umbrella or rain coat.
The garden is 130 ha. and is dedicated to the mountain flora of eastern Indonesia. It holds some 500 species of orchids and 700 species of trees. In the vicinity of the garden some beautiful nature scenery can be seen at lake Bratan and, a little further north, lake Buyan and Tamblingan.
Access to Eka Karya Botanic Garden area reachable from Singaraja or Denpasar. where visitors can stroll through cool and tranquil gardens, visit temples and traditional Balinese buildings, and learn about Balinese botany and traditions.
The Garden combines scientific and conservation goals in a cool, mountainous setting; with adjacent forests and lake and the attractive landscaping all joined in harmony.
Eka Karya Botanic Garden, Bali, is not only a forerunner in conserving Indonesia’s flora, but one of the most beautiful gardens of its kind in the world.
Eka Karya Botanic Garden, Bali, was established on July 24, 1959, with an area of 154.5 hectares, at an elevation from 1200-1450 metres above sea level; average temperature 18°C and average rainfall 3000 mm.
The primary task of the Botanic Garden is to conduct research, inventory and protect Indonesian plant species native to moist upland areas, particularly from eastern Indonesia, as well as to provide useful scientific services and to increase public appreciation for conservation.
In order to fulfill this task, Eka Karya Botanic Garden, Bali, conducts field exploration and surveys, and has been equipped with an herbarium, seed collection, and nursery, as well as the living collections of trees, ferns, orchids, cacti and other plants of scientific, economic, cultural and aesthetic value.
POINTS OF INTEREST
Visitors arriving at the Eka Karya Botanic Garden, Bali, can become acquainted with the special Balinese architecture, which is both sturdy and beautiful. The distinctive carved split entrance-way candi bentar at the main entrance is typical of those usually found in temples or important buildings in Bali.
The Garden has an extensive Gymnosperm (non-flowering plants) collection. Plants in this collection come from many regions including The Netherlands, Australia, Japan, China, Africa, South and North America. In particular, the native Cemara Pandak (Podocarpus javanicus) can be seen. The collection of woody plant species in the garden totals 656 species from 141 Families, some of which are indigenous to the gardens.
Traditional Ceremonial Plants Collection
The social fabric of Balinese life cannot be separated from traditional ceremony and religious activity. The raw materials of many well-known plants play an important part in sacred ceremonies. Because of their importance, in 1991 Eka Karya Botanic Garden, Bali, began making inventories, collections and plantings of species used for traditional ceremonies. To date, the collection consists of 454 specimens from 117 species.
Within the gardens is a traditional Balinese house, called the Ethnobotany Building as it contains the Garden’s collection of ethnobotanical artifacts. The Ethnobotany Building was constructed following the best traditions of Balinese home architecture, in particular regarding the placement of the buildings in relation to one-another.
Traditional Balinese houses are a collection of smaller houses each with a particular function which are enclosed within or just outside of a perimeter wall.
Components of the traditional Balinese house are:
- Angkul-angkul Main gate
- Tembok penyenker Perimeter Wall
- Bale aling-aling Waiting room
- Pewaregan Kitchen
- Bale Dauh Sleeping room for young men/boys
- Bale daja Sleeping room for young women/girls and place of the Manusia Ceremony
- Pemerajan Place for prayer
- Bale dangin Sleeping room for parents
- Bale tangah Sleeping room fir guests
- Jineng Room for storing food abov, and open place for making, storing and repairing tools and equipment
- Bale bengong Pesting place for finding inspiration
- Bale kambang Family meeting room
- Pesiraman/Beji Family bathing room
- Tebe Family garden and place for dumping refuse
- Palarbon Resting place after working in the garden
- Peloncor Place for washing the face
More than 2000 species of plants are preserved at Bali Botanic Garden, represent plants from montane areas of the eastern Indonesia: Bali, Nusa Tenggara, Sulawesi, Maluku and Papua. New plants are acquired from commercial nurseries, arboreta, botanic gardens, plant breeding programs and collecting expeditions. Because of its unique site incorporating landscape gardens, native habitat areas, the Garden is able to curate terrestrial and aquatic plants found in similar habitats.
Seeds and plants are accepted only if their provenance is known and documented and only if they have been collected and imported legally. Plants that have the potential for invasiveness, genetic pollution or introducing pests or diseases are carefully screened or evaluated before acceptance.
The collections are devided into beds which are subdevided into section. Each bed is given a roman numeral (eg. IV) and each section is given a letter (eg. A); these are written on a green concrete corner-stone (eg. IV.A.). Each plant whithin the section is given a unique number to identify it. Most collections in the garden have green metal label and a small aluminium tag which give it a unique identification number (eg. IV.B.15) corresponding with information held in the Garden’s Database. Most of the beds in the garden are orginized according to plant family, reflecting the evolutionary relationships between plants. This mean that plants which are closely related are planted togather.
In addition to the general collections, specialized collections offer depth and breadth within 8 selected themes or families. These specialized collections include: Ferns, Orchids, Cactus, Begonia, Medicinal plants, Ceremonial plants, Roses and Aquatic plants. Specialty collections are important nationally because of their scope.
In Indonesia there are approximately 4000 species of orchid about half of which occur in Papua, however much is still unknown about the diversity of orchids. The Bali Botanic Garden has prioritised collecting wild Indonesian orchids species mainly from the mountain forests of Bali, Java, Nusa Tenggara, Sulawesi and Papua. Wild species are collected for research and conservation purposes although to many people they appear unattractive compared with cultivated hybrids. You may need to look closely to see the flowers which can be very small but stil beautiful.
In Bali, most orchids flower from March until June, however, there are always some species flowering. From the various orchid collection among them are very interesting, such as Vanda tricolor with large, white flowers with bold red marks, the lady’s slipper orchid (Paphiopedilum javanicum) is one of Indonesia’s most rare and endagered species. There are two species of orchid which can only be found (endemic) in Bali, Malleola baliensis and Calanthe baliensis . Most of wild species are threatened with extinction because of over-collecting and loss of forest habitat.
Pteridophytes (ferns and fern-allies) are non-seed vascular plants, i.e. plants with xylem and phloem whose dispersal relies on spores not seeds. The first vascular plants rapidly diversified to cover the earth. The ferns (Leptosporangiates, Equisetales, Marattiales, Psilotaceae and Ophioglossaceae) are largely tropical (probably 12,000 species) and represent 97% of living Pteridophytes. Unlike the ferns, which are a highly successful, flourishing group, the fern allies (Lycopodiales, Selaginellales and Isoetales) are virtually living fossils. Most of their relatives have long since become extinct. Ferns are very varied group of plants which include ground (terrestrial), epiphytic and aquatic growth forms.
The Bali Botanic Garden has developed a Cyathea Garden (Taman Cyathea) as a home for pteridophyte collections. Cyathea is refered to the tree fern, that abundantly grown in the Gardens. In the Cyathea Garden you can see a diversity of wild and ornamental species, amongst which are species also used for food, medicines and handicrafts. Tree ferns (Cyathea and Dicksonia) featured in the collection and are typical of high-altitude moist and cool areas.
The Begonias collections are planted in a beautiful park and in special Begonia’s house. The park design is based on a natural concept that imaging the natural habitat of the begonias in general. The Begonia’s house is designed by Balinese architecture. The visitors would be astonished by the beautiful appearance of many species of begonias that grow like an Arabic carpet. The shape variation and colorful leaves are very attractive and can make somebody feel happy like an apple to a sour eyes.
Most Begonia collected from the mountain and the Bali Botanical Garden is very convenient because it is cold with the temperature about 17 – 25 centigradein daytime drop to 10 – 15 centigrade at night. So in this new home the begonias grow well. They have been conserved and survive in this gardens even their original habitat might be already disturbed.
More than 200 species of begonias are collected and propagation of Begonia has reached thousand of plants so it is appropriate to Bali Botanic Garden to become the Center of Begonias Conservation in Indonesia.
The cactus collection is located in a big glasshouse near the office. Many species have beautiful and colorful flowers. They were obtained from collection in Africa, America, Germany, Switzerland and Indonesia. Most cactus are very thick and succulent (fleshy), some very spiny and others very hairy.
Some interesting collections include: Echinocactus grusonii, Cephalocereus senilis, Mammillaria durispina, Espostoa lanata, Opuntia sp. and Cleistocactus micropetalum.
The Balinese traditional medicinal treatment is known as Usada. The term comes from a Sanscript word ‘Ausadhi’ meaning plant that are used for medicinal purposes. This Usada knowledge originated from India and spread out to Bali in the 5th century. Usada was written in a so called “Lontar” made from palm leave of Borassus flabellifer. Assumed that there are approximately more than 491 species used as medicinal plant in lontar usada Bali. These Balinese knowledge is highly valuable for the world medicinal potention.
Taman Usada (Usada garden) has recently been established in Bali Botanic Garden. This garden which cover about 1600 m2 was built in mid-2005 as implementation of the conservation effort of Bali Botanic Garden for the Balinese medicinal plant and also to acquire the need for collection, research, education and recreation.
Some of the collection include: Plantago major, Cinnamomum burmanii, Kalanchoe pinnata, Euchresta harsfieldii, Areca cathecu, Dysoxylum caulostachyum, Sida rhombifolia, Alstonia scholaris, Euphorbia tirucalli, etc.
The Aquatic plant collections are arranged in six stair ponds and decorated with stones and pots. Some interesting collections include: Nymphaea pubescens Willd., Pontederia cordata L., Cyperus papyrus L., Cyperus flabelliformis Rottb., Zantedeschia aethiopica (L.) Spreng. and Nymphoides indica (L.) OK. who have habitus similar to lotus but having smaller leave
Herbarium Hortus Botanicus Baliense (THBB) is actively collected herbarium and seeds from plant collections and expeditions. Herbarium numbers nearly 10,000 specimens representing moses, ferns, gymnosperms and flowering plants.
The Bali Botanic Garden is an nationally renowned centre of excellence in plant biodiversity research and biodiversity conservation. Scientists and horticulturists at Bali Botanic Garden deliver a wide programme of research and conservation work on plant diversity. Our major goals are:
- To conserve plant biodiversity in the face of global environmental change and mass extinction,
- To provide baseline taxonomic/botanical data as a foundation science,
- To understand the evolutionary processes that have given rise to the world’s botanical diversity.
Our scientific research programmes are:
- Exploration, research and development of eastern Indonesia’s flora
- Balinese ceremonial plants
- Medicinal plants
- Tissue Culture Laboratory
- Herbarium Hortus Botanicus Baliense (THBB)
- Glass Houses
More than 2000 species of plants are preserved at Bali Botanic Garden, including: ferns, gymnosperms, and angiosperms. Growing collections of documented wild-origin plants allows us to better understand these plants and help preserve the genetic uniqueness of plants (known as ex-situ conservation) to aid in restoration, if and when it becomes necessary.
We are propagating endangered plants for restoration purposes such as: Dicksonia blumei, Pinanga arinasae, and Podocarpus imbricatus. Propagation of ornamental plants (Begonia spp., Callistemon coccineus F. Muell, Phylodendron sp., Brunfelsia uniflora D. Don., Gerbera jamesonie Bolus, etc.), plantation plants (Altingia excelsa Noronha., Manglietia glauca Bl., Schima wallichii Choisy, Michelia alba DC., Michelia champaca L., Dysoxylum caulostachyum Miq., etc.), medicinal plants (Alstonia scholaris R. Br., Vitex trifolia L., Mentha arvensis L., etc.) and ceremonial plants (Hibiscus sp., Jasminum sambac Soland., Cordyline spp., Hydrangea macrophylla Ser., etc.).
The Bali Botanic Garden displays plants from around the world within different landscape themes that are complemented by glasshouse conservatories, buildings, water features, and statues.
Schools can use the garden as a living museum to learn about the fascinating world of plants and their importance to all life on earth. Our environmental education programs (known as REPLING) include science, environment, and culture, using a discovery based learning across the curriculum approach. Programs are available for Elementary, Junior and Senior High School.
Photographs and videos are a wonderful way to remember your visit to the Bali Botanic Garden. We encourage visitors to take casual photographs and videos for their own personal use.
The photography/videography guidelines outlined here are intended for all guests, but a permit is only necessary for those who wish to use the Garden’s setting as the background for formal, posed photography/videography. This would include wedding, family, engagement, prom, graduation photography/videography, or similar.
Those celebrating wedding ceremonies, receptions, or other special occasions scheduled at the Garden are welcome to take photographs or videos during their rental time at no additional fee. As always, the general guidelines apply.
Media photography, commercial photography, pre-wedding video and film shoots must be arranged at least one week in advance of the shoot.
General Photography Guidelines
We are delighted that you are considering the Bali Botanic Garden as the location for your photos and videos. To ensure a positive experience for you, while maintaining a pleasant experience for our many visitors, please be aware of the following rules and guidelines:
- Please do not enter flowerbeds, plant displays, or mulched areas. Remain on the pathways and grassy turf at all times.
- No alcoholic beverages may be brought into the Garden.
- Do not disturb or remove plants, plant labels, or containers.
- Do not block the access to the entrance, pathways, or garden areas for use by others.
For your convenience, public restrooms may be used for clothing changes.
One of the facility of the Bali Botanic Garden is the Library. Located near herbarium, it is open to the public on weekdays from 08.00 AM – 03.00 PM. The Library holds resources in the following main subject areas: botanical and horticultural resources, gardening, newspapers and magazines.
Spend your nigh in the Garden and relaxing your body and mind.
Ethnobotany Guest House
Designed as tradisional Balinese house, this guest house is a compound consisting of many parts. Each part has a specific function and positioned according to ancient guidelines. You will have Beratan lake as your view. Available 4 cottages only! Facilities include TV, shared bathroom, hot water, and kichen.
VIP Guest House
The VIP guest House is *** hotel standard with three room types, suite, deluxe and standard. You can enjoy garden and natural tropical rain forest as your front yard. Facilities include TV, bathroom with hot water, meeting room, and souvenir shop. Available 14 rooms only!